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Cannabigerol also known as CBG is another type of cannabinoid that comes from the cannabis plant. You may have heard it called the “mother of all cannabinoids” because other cannabinoids are derived from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), an acidic form of CBG. Two more common cannabinoids that also come from the cannabis plant are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
CBG is often found in smaller quantities compared to other cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. In most strains of the plant, only 1% of CBG can be found compared to 20 to 25% of CBD or 25 to 30% of THC.1 (Very Well Mind). CBG products are rare and more expensive due to the scarcity of them. However, CBG is beginning to become more popular as a result of the potential benefits the cannabinoid has to offer.
CBG is derived from young cannabis plants because they contain higher amounts of CBG than fully developed plants. Strains such as White CBG, Super Glue CBG, and Jack Frost CBG also have higher CBG content than other strains. The most common way CBG is produced is in oil. You can get the most benefits of CBG by using pure CBG oil. Pure CBG oil is rare and expensive. Thankfully, users can also receive benefits from using broad-spectrum CBD oils. Broad-spectrum CBD oils contain all the cannabinoids found in a cannabis plant including CBG, but it does not include THC. When cannabinoids are used together they increase the effectiveness of each other by a phenomenon called the entourage effect (Very Well Mind).
CBG is being used to relieve pain without having the intoxicating or “high” effect of THC. Research shows that CBG can also have therapeutic effects for inflammatory bowel disease (IBS), glaucoma, Huntington’s Disease as well as antibacterial properties and fighting cancer cells. More studies are needed surrounding the therapeutic benefits of CBG. As of now, the animal studies that have been conducted look effective and promising.
All in all, as CBG continues to grow and become more popular we are excited to learn
more about the benefits and hope it becomes more accessible for users.