The main terpenes that are found in high CBD strains are mycrene, beta-caryophyllene, alpha-humulene, limonene, linalool and pinene (Leafly).
Myrcene is a type of terpene is named after a Brazilian shrub, Myrcia sphaerocarpa . It’s often used in traditional medicine to treat diarrhea, high blood pressure, and even diabetes. Myrcene has a sedative effect. It’s found in most cannabis chemovars, as well as hops, mangoes, lemongrass, and basil.
Beta-caryophyllene is a terpene with a unique scent of black pepper. It was recently shown to interact in the body with cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) which suggests it can reduce pain and inflammation.
Alpha-humulene contain an earthy, fruity-smelling terpene which is also commonly found in hops, sage, and ginseng. Alpha-humulene has anti-inflammatory effects and some evidence says it may help suppress appetite.
Limonene is found in citrus rinds and used to add a lemony aroma to foods, perfumes, and household cleaning products. Limonene has anti-anxiety effects.
Linalool is the terpene that is responsible for the scent of lavender and is found in cinnamon and coriander spices. It has sedative and relaxing properties and aides in preventing seizures.
Pinene is a type of terpene found in pine needles and numerous citrus fruits. Pinene is very popular in traditional Chinese medicine as an anti-cancer agent that suppresses cancer cells and has anti-inflammatory properties.
So which terpenes are in a few popular CBD strains?
Cannatonic is a staple CBD strain. Users often use Cannatonic because of its balanced profile of CBD and THC. This brings the mellow effects while providing relief of pain, muscle spasms, and anxiety. Cannatonic contains myrcene, b-caryophyllene and limonene (Leafly).
Harlequin is a popular sativa-dominant strain that is known for its eager expression of CBD. It almost always develops a CBD:THC ratio of 5:2, making this one of the most effective strains for treatment of pain and anxiety. Harlequin contains myrcene, a-pinene and b-caryophyllene ( Leafly).